Java-cedar, or toog tree, is native to China, Japan, Southeast Asia from India to northern Australia, and several Pacific islands. In its native distribution it reaches a height of 100 feet, with a trunk 5 or more feet in diameter. The leaves are composed of three leaflets with finely toothed borders, each up to 6 inches long. Flowers are very small and are grouped in branched inflorescences up to 7 inches long, male and female on separate trees. Fruits are about half an inch in diameter and when ripe turns reddish or blackish, wine is made from the pulp and oil is extracted from the seed. It flowers during spring and produces fruits during summer and fall. The generic name honors the German botanist Gottlieb Wilhelm Bischoff (1797-1854). The species name refers to its geographic origin.

The photographed tree is  southwest of Building B and is the only member of the species in the campus. This is a young individual which does not yet flower but grows fast.

Fruits: this link.


Bischofia javanica (Phyllanthaceae)