Neem

 
 

Neem, or Indian-lilac, is native to Bangladesh, India, and Myanmar. It reaches a height of 65 feet, with a trunk 3 feet in diameter. The bark is thick, rough, and furrowed. The leaves are about 1 foot long and have up to 31 leaflets with serrated margins, the largest up to 3 inches long. Flowers are about three-eighths of an inch wide and are grouped in branched inflorescences up to 6 inches long. Fruit are about five-eights of an inch long and turn yellow when ripe. Seeds yield natural insecticides and neem oil, used for soaps, cosmetics and creams. It flowers and produces fruits during most of the year. The generic name derives from the arab name for the tree, which means free or noble tree. The species name refers to its geographic origin.


The photographed tree is one of three specimens planted west of Building B. These are the only members of the species in the campus.

Azadirachta indica (Meliaceae)