India rubber-tree


India rubber-tree is native to Southeast Asia, from India to Indonesia. It reaches a height of 100 feet, with an umbrella-shaped crown and several trunks formed from roots that descend from the branches. The crown is wide and rounded. The leaves are up to 1 foot long, thick, lustrous, with a yellow central vein and many fine perpendicular veins. New leaves have a red cover or stipule. Leaves and branches produce white latex when cut. The flowers are minute and develop within figs up to half an inch long that appear occasionally at the bases of the leaves. The generic name derives from an old name for Ficus carica, the species that produces the commercial fig. The species name derives from the former use of its latex to produce rubber.

The photographed tree is near the entrance to the Alzamora Farm and is the only member of the species in the campus. It is a huge tree which has grown without restriction for decades, developing many trunks and hundreds of roots that descend from high above.

Figs: this link.

Ficus elastica (Moraceae)