Breadfruit is native to Indonesia, New Guinea, and some Pacific islands. It was introduced to the Caribbean by English colonizers in 1793 to feed their slaves. There are two varieties: breadfruit, which has no seeds and reproduces by root sprouts, and breadnut, which produces seeds. It reaches a height of 60 feet, with a trunk 2 feet in diameter. The leaves are up to 3 feet long, the divisions between the lobes are deeper in the breadfruit tree. The  male inflorescence is up to 1 foot long, while the female one becomes a fruit 8 inches or longer. It flowers and produces fruit during most of the year. The generic name means bread fruit. The species name means to feed or fatten, in reference to the use of the fruit.

The photographed breadnut tree is west of the printing shop. There’s a breadfruit tree near the entrance to the Chemical and Civil Engineering complex. Many authorities consider that breadfruit and breadnut belong to different species, in which case the latter carries the name Artocarpus camansi.

Artocarpus altilis (Moraceae)