Tamarind is native to the savannas of Africa. It reaches a height of 80 feet, with a trunk 5 or more feet in diameter. The leaves are up to 6 inches long and have up to eighteen pairs of leaflets that fold at night. Flowers are about 1 inch wide and appear in small lateral or terminal racemes. Fruits are pods up to 7 inches long, with up to twelve seeds surrounded by sour pulp that is used to prepare sauces, syrup, juice, and ice cream. It flowers during summer and fall, and fruits mature mostly during winter and spring. The generic name derives from two words meaning Indian date. The species name erroneously indicates that it is native to India.

The photographed tree is one of three specimens planted in the Research and Development Center. There's another tree near the stairway west of the Luchetti Building.

Tamarindus indica (Fabaceae)